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Camille Pissarro - The London Years

 
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Camille Pissarro (1830-1903)
French Impressionist painter

Crystal Palace History Timeline

History of The Crystal Palace Exhibition

1830 10 July: Jacob Abraham Camille Pissarro born in Saint Thomas, West Indies
Father a Portuguese Jew & mother was Creole (?)
1841 Attended boarding school in Passy, Paris
1847 Left school to work for family business.
1853-5 In Caracas with friend to avoid working in his father’s business.
1855 Moved to Paris to study art at Ecole des Beaux-Arts. Influenced by Corot & Delacoix.
1856 Met Corot. Influence him to paint views of nature.
c1858 Met Monet.
1859 Work shown at Salon,
1860 Lives with Julie Vellay, who was his mother’s maid.
c1861 Met Cezanne.
1862 Met Renoir
1863 Salon de Refuses opens. Son Lucien born (later a famous artist). Met Zola.
1866 Moved to Pontoise, northwest of Paris. Met Manet.
1868-9 Pissarro, & Renoir work together with Monet at Bougival, Paris.
Moved to Louveciennes, Paris. Paints shop signs. Pictures of Pontoise accepted by the Salon
1870 Sept: Moved to Montfoucault due to Franco-Prussian War then Brittany.
Dec: Moved to London. Mother already lived at 100 Rosendale Road.
Lived first at Canham’s Dairy (No 77 now rebuilt) on Westow Hill. Plaque added.
Painted Fox Hill (National Gallery, London) in Upper Norwood



1871 Jan: Pissarro met Monet in London. Visit galleries & admire Turner & Constable.
Painted Upper Norwood, Crystal Palace (private collection USA)



Painted Crystal Palace (Art Institute of Chicago)



Painted Lordship Lane Station (Courtauld Institute) in Dulwich



Painted Dulwich College (private collection USA)



April: Moved to 2 Chatham Terrace, Palace Road, off Anerley Hill (Palace Road houses demolished in 1977).
14 June: Married Julie Vellay at Croydon Registry Office.
Returned to France. 1400 paintings had been vandalised by Prussians at his home.
1872 Moved to Pontoise. Collaborated occasionally with Cezanne as his mentor until 1874.
1874 March first Impressionist Exhibition at Boulevard des Capucines. Not a success.
Exhibited in all eight Impressionist Exhibitions.
1875 Returned to Pontoise.
1876 Second Impressionist Exhibition at Durand-Ruel Gallery.
Worked in Montfoucault and Pontoise.
1877 Photo taken in Pontoise with Julie Vellay



1879 Paul Gauguin taught by Pissarro until 1883,
1880 Pissarro began to get critical acclaim.
1882 Left Pontoise & moved to Osny.
1883 Had first one man exhibition. Painted a series of views of Rouen.
1884 Bought a house in Eragny-sur-Epte in Normandy.
More interested in Socialism & Zola’s writings.
1885 Met Seurat & Signac
1886 Met Vincent Van Gogh. Would later exhibit at his brother’s gallery.
Short-lived interest with Seurat in Neo-Impressinism.
1888 Contracts eye infection. Wpuld mean he painted views from indoors later.
1890 Travelled to England & Holland. Rejected Neo-Impressinism.
1892 Travelled to England to visit his son, Lucien. Kew series of paintings.
Started first of Paris series of paintings when staying opposite Gare Saint-Lazare.
1893 Joint exhibition with Gandara in Paris. Continued painting views of Paris.
1894 Spent time in Belgium due to political situation in France.
1896 Further 29 paintings for Rouen series
1897 Finished Gare Saint-Lazare series of paintings.
Travelled to England. Painted several views of Bedford Park, Chiswick.
1897 Began work on his Boulevard Monmatre series of paintings as well as Boulevard des Italians. Painted Boulevard, Monmartre at Night (National Gallery, London)



1898 Painted Avenue del’Opera series. Solo show. Rouen series completed.
1899 Tuilleries series of paintings.
1900 Began pont-Neuf series.
1901 Pissarro stayed in Dieppe for Church of Saint-Jacques series.
Painted Hay Harvest at Eragny (National Gallery of Canada)



1902 Joint show with Monet. Dieppe; The Harbours series
1903 Quai Voltaire series. Le Havre series. Quai Voltaire series finished.
Nov: Died in Eragny-sur-Epte. Buried in Pere Lachaise, Paris,

Further reading

Pissarro: His Life and Work  - Ralph E. Shikes (Quartet 1980)          
Camille Pissarro at Crystal Palace - Nicholas Reed (Lilburne Press 1987)
Pissarro in London (Yale University Press 2003)
Pissarro: Father of Impressionism - Linda Whiteley and Colin Harrison (Ashmolean Museum  2022)

 

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