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West Norwood
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Crystal Palace was known as Upper Norwood. The name Norwood is derived from the (Great) North Wood which once covered North Surrey and stretched from Croydon to Camberwell.


Mediaeval Norwood

Upper Norwood passed to Whitehorse family in reign of Edward III.

Tudor Norwood

In Tudor times timber for Golden Hinde, being built in Deptford, came from Norwood.

Stuart Norwood

1652 The diarist, John Evelyn, was robbed in Norwoood.
1662 John Aubrey described Norwood as 'a great wood... belonging to the See of Canterbury'.
1665 Became a refuge from the Plague.

Georgian Norwood

1747 Rocque's map showed Great North Wood being reduced by commons.
1797 Beginning of enclosure of Norwood area.
1820s Upper Norwood now a small suburb.
1820s Large houses built on Crown Lane.
1825 St Luke's (F Bedford), West Norwood opened.
1831 Beulah Spa opened.



Early Victorian Upper Norwood

1837 South Metropolitan Cemetary was consecrated.
1854 Crystal Palace moved from Hyde Park to Sydenham Hill. More info








 

1854 Crystal Palace and West End Railway line opened. Much house building.



Queens Hotel opened on Church Road


Mid Victorian Upper Norwood

1862 Stanford (Edward), Library Map of London and its Suburbs
1863 St Saviour's Almhouses opened in Hamilton Road.
1865 High Level station opened at Crystal Palace



1870-1871 The Impressionist painter Camille Pissarro moved to Upper Norwood More info


Late Victorian Upper Norwood

1895 FA Cup finals held at Park Hill Park (?) - now CP Athletics track
1898-1899 Emile Zola stayed at Queens Hotel, Upper Norwood           
He photographed the Crystal Palace




Edwardian Upper Norwood

1905 Crystal Palace FC formed (played at Palace until 1914)



1909
The Photodrome cinema opened at  65 Westow Hill
1911 Festival of Empire at the Crystal Palace
1911
Norwood Park opened.


Upper Norwood in WW1

1914 Crystal Palace Football ground became Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve training establishment


Inter-War Upper Norwood

1922
War memorial by William Butler

1927 Speedway racing at Crystal Palace Gardens began
1928 Rialto Cinema opened at 25 Church Road (later Granada)
1930 Albany Cinema opened at 19 Church Road (later Century)

1936 Crystal Palace burnt down.



Film
1937 Motor-car racing at Crystal Palace began




Upper Norwood in WW2

1941 16 April: North towers & old aquarium demolished. Gardens requisitioned for war use.
1944-4
Flying bomb attacks



Post war Upper Norwood

1954

           

1951 Crystal Palace reopened as a LCC park
1952 Crystal Palace Zoo opened.
1956 Crystal Place TV transmitting station opened - 719 ft high
1956 War memorial moved to Westow Street
1964 National Sports Centre opened in Crystal Palace Park.
1971 Crystal Palace Garden Parties at Crystal Palace Bowl ran until 1980 as one day Rock Festivals. Groups included: Pink Floyd, Beach Boys, Lou Reed & Eric Clapton.




Booklist
The Phoenix Suburb - Alan Warwick (1972/RP 2009 Norwood Society)
Racing At Crystal Palace. A History Of Motorsports At London's Own Race Circuit 1927-1972
- Phillipp Parfitt (MRP 1991)
Palace of the People: The Crystal Palace at Sydenham 1854-1936 - Jan Piggott (Hurst 2004)
100 Years of Crystal Palace Football Club - Nigel Sands (NPI Media group 2005)

 


The Crystal Palace


Pissarro

Dulwich Design
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