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|SL Districts||Welcome to Walworth history|
Anerley & Penge
Elephant and Castle
Old Kent Road
C1 Old Kent Road built on Roman road (Watling Street)
Newington Butts and Newington Causeway built on Roman Stane Street,
C5 Saxons called the area Wealawyrd or Waleorde meaning ³farm of the Britons¹
c1015 King Edmund Ironside granted Hitard, a court jester, land in Walworth.
1052 Hitard went on a pilgrimage to Rome. Made over his land to Church of Christ in Canterbury, Canterbury Cathedral.
1086 Walworth was described in Domesday Book. Mentioned land for ploughing and growing corn and eight acres of meadowland for cows. Walworth now a village in Surrey seperated from Camberwell by a stream
which ran by Boundary Lane on Walworth Common (where Aylesbury Estate is situated now).
1212 Reference to St Mary church in Newington.
C15? Pilgrims to shrine of Becket at Canterbury Cathedral stopped to water horses at stream on Old Kent Road on Walworth Common. Place was known as St Thomas a Watering (now Thomas a Becket pub).
1415 Clergy of London met Henry V at St Thomas a Watering after his victory at Agincourt. Old Kent Road was also known as Kinges Street.
Manor House built?
1641 John Flaxman, a blacksmith, set up a forge on an island where Elephant & Castle silver underground substation now is located.
1642 Almshouses built for 16 old people near to Elephant & Castle (now Draper House).
1681 Map of Walworth made for Dean and Chapter of Canterbury Cathedral.
Map showed St Mary Newington church, a maypole on Newington Causeway and a common called Lattam-more (Lower Moor) now Lorrimore Square.
Early Victorian Walworth
Mid Victorian Walworth1860 St John built in Larcom Street.
1861 Metropolitan Tabernacle built at Elephant & Castle.
1862 Canterbury Cathedral gave their land in Walworth to Church Commissioners.
Railway built through Walworth.
1866 St John¹s School.
? Vestry of St Mary Newington set up on Walworth Road.
1871 Tram lines laid in Old Kent Road and Walworth Road for horse drawn trams.
1872 Surrey Gardens Music Hall demolished. Penton Place covers part of the site.
Late Victorian Walworth
1889 Charie Chaplin born above a shop in East Street.
1890 Undergound linked to the Elephant. City and South London Railway was first electric line. Later became Northern Line.
1891 Sanford Road School (now Walworth Lower School).
1892 Pembroke College Mission set up by Pembroke College, Cambridge. Carter Street Police station?
1898 The Paragon demolished for new Paragon School, Searles Road.
1900 Vestry became Southwark Town Hall
1901 Population 122,200
1902 Cuming Museum established.
1903 Traders moved off Old Kent Road and Walworth Road by authorities to East Street due to new electric trams.
1904 Eletric trams in Walworth.
1905 Old slums cleared & Faraday Gardens set up by Octavia Hill
1905 St Peters Church Octavia Hill Estate built
1906 Baker Street and Waterloo Railway (Bakerloo) reached the Elephant.
1908 Electric Theatre opened at 341 Walworth Road
1910 Elephant & Castle Cinematograph Theatre opened (800 seats) at 47-51 Walworth Road
c1910 East Street market photo
WW2 & Walworth
Post War Walworth
1952 Trams discontinued.
The Story of Walworth - Mary Boast (Southwark Council 1976)
|(c) South London Guide 2012|