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The Elephant and Castle just over one miles south of the River Thames..
It was originally in the county of Surrey.
The name comes from the old Elephant and Castle and may have meant
*
or *



C17

1641 John Flaxman, a blacksmith, set up a forge on an island where Elephant & Castle silver underground substation now is located.


C18

1750 Old Westminster Bridge built. Led to new roads to Elephant.
1751 Turnpike Trust upgraded a local footpath into New Kent Road.
c1760 The smithy of 1641 became the Elephant & Castle Inn.
Used by stagecoaches.



C19

c1800 PRINT of the Elephant & Castle pub after Rowlandson
1858 PRINT of Newington Causeway (showing E&C pub)
1861 Metropolitan Tabernacle built at Elephant & Castle.
1872 Theatre Royal opened (later ABC then Coronet).
1878 Theatre Royal burnt down replaced by Elephant & Castle Theatre.
1890 Undergound linked to the Elephant. City and South London Line.
Railway was first electric line. Later became Northern Line.
1898 Elephant & Castle pub rebuilt by John Warren



C20

1906 Baker Street and Waterloo Railway (Bakerloo) reached the Elephant.
c1912 Tram terminus at Elephant & Castle.
1926 film of Elephant & Castle (from 0:36)
1931 Elephant & Castle Theatre became cinema - Theatre Royal
1930 Trocodero opened (3.500 seats).
1935 Trocodero became Gaumont.
1940-45 E&C badly damaged in WWII
1961 Electricity transformer enclosed in steel as Michael Farady monument.
1962 Redevelopment plan for Elephant & Castle.
(p86 Southwark1998)
London College of Printing built.
1963 Gaumont (old Trocodero) closed
Ministry of Health (by Erno Goldfinger) buildings rep;laced it.
1964-5 Odeon cinema by Erno Goldfinger (on site of larger Trocadero).
1961-5 E&C Shopping Centre built by Boissevain & Osmond
The Centre was the first covered shopping mall in the UK.
1967 Theatre Royal replaced by ABC Cinema (later became Canon & Coronet).
1988 Odeon Elephant & Castle closed down (now Metro Heights).
1999 Coronet closed down as a cinema.
1999 Regeneration of Elephant & Castle planned



C21

2003 Coronet re-opened as music venue.
2006 South Central East completed.
2007 Castle House & part of Heygate Estate demolished.
2008 Strata House built on Castle House site.

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