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Abbey Wood

Anerley & Penge
Crystal Palace
Dulwich Village
East Dulwich
Elephant and Castle
Forest Hill
Herne Hill
New Cross
Old Kent Road
West Norwood

Lost Theatres & Cinemas of Croydon

David Lean - A Snapshot Guide

Roman Croydon
Roman Road to Portslade passed through Croydon.

Saxon Croydon

809 Reference to a minister of Croydon
871 Reference to Crogdene

Norman Croydon

1086 In Domesday Book Croydon had a population of about 365, a church and a mill.

Medieval Croydon

1273 Charter granted to Croydon Market.. Held between Surrey Street, Crown Hill & High Street. House grew around market on Market Street & Middle Row (later Street). Between these ran a range of alleyways.
1347 Reference to the Church of St. John de Croydon
ca1450 Great Hall added to Croydon Palace.
Medieval palace owned by Archbishop of Canterbury.

Tudor Croydon

C1505 Whitgift Hospital of the Holy Trinity founded by Archbishop Whitgift


Stuart Croydon

1640 Reference to the Ship Inn (rebuilt in 1835)

Georgian Croydon

1726 Vestry of Croydon built first workhouse on Duppas Hill.

ca 1785
Croydon Palace
1800 Theatre Royal opened as New Theatre Royal
1801 Census: population was 5,743
Archbishops moved from Croydon Palace to Addington Palace
1803 Surrey Iron Railway opened for horses drawn freight from Wandsworth
1805 Croydon, Merstham & Godstone Iron Railway opened for horses drawn freight
1809 Croydon Canal opened
1834 Butchers Row renamed Surrey Street.
1835 The Ship Inn rebuilt
1836 Croydon Canal closed

Early Victorian Croydon

1839 (West) Croydon station, opened as the terminus of the London & Croydon Railway.
1841 (East) Croydon station opened on new London & Brighton Railway.
1842 Duppas Hill Workhouse expanded.
1846 Croydon station renamed East Croydon station after amalgamation of the London & Croydon Railway and the London & Brighton Railway.
1847 (West) Croydon station renamed Croydon Town.
Line from Croydon Town station extended to Epsom.
1849 New St John’s church built (destroyed in 1867)
1849-51 Croydon Board of Health formed after 1848 Public Health Act
1851 River Wandle culverted (now Wandle Park)
Surrey Street Waterworks opened.
Croydon Town station renamed West Croydon .
1855 Branch line from West Croydon to Mitcham Junction & Wimbledon

Mid Victorian Croydon

1862 New Croydon station built next to West Croydon station.
1863 South Croydon station opened.
1865 New Croydon Union Workhouse opened on Queen’s Road
1866 Croydon Fair on Fair Field banned.
Land bought by Brighton Railway Company.
Second gasworks built.
Croydon Racecourse opened near Lower Addisconbe Road
1867 Park Hill water tower built’
Allders opened as a drapers shop by Joshia Allder
1868 Croydon School of Art opened above Public Halls in George Street.
Central Croydon Station opened (closed 1871).

1871 Woodside Station opened to serve Croydon Racecourse
1872 St John’s rebuilt after fire of 1867 by George Gilbert Scott.

Late Victorian Croydon

1881 Mayday Road Infirmary (later Hospital) opened.
1883 Croydon became a corporation
1884 Woodside & South Croydon Railway built by Joseph Firbank with three tunnels
1884 High Street Improvement Committee set up.
1886 Central Croydon Station re-opened
1888 Pitlake Technical Institute formed (later Croydon Polytechnic)
1889 Croydon became a county borough
1890 Croydon Racecourse closed by Croydon Borough.
Wandle Park acquired
Central Croydon Station closed. Now Queen’s Gardens.
Croydon Improvement Act cleared away slums in Middle Row. High Street widened from 29 ft to 50ft. NB some old buildings remain 13-17 Crown Hill & “Butchers Row” 34-38 Surrey Street.
1891 Relics of Old Croydon - John Ollis Pelton published by Roffey & Clare Stationers of Croydon’. Pictorial record of medieval houses around Middle Row that disappeared in slum clearance.
1895 East Croydon station rebuilt
National Palace of Varieties opened in North End (demolished in 1959)
1896 Third Town Hall (and Clocktower) by Charles Henman built
Croydon A Power Station
1898 East Croydon & New Croydon stations merged into a single station but with 2 booths. Edwardian photo of station shown below.


Edwardian Croydon

1901 Electric tramway opened between Norbury & Purley. It passed through London Road, North End & the High Street

1906 West Croydon - Sutton tram route opened.
1907 Tamworth Road

1908 Fim director David Lean born at 38 Blenheim Crescent, South Croydon
1915 Croydon Airport established for defence of London.

Prewar Croydon

1919 Croydon Airport now the civil airport for London.

1924 Purley Way bypass opened
1927 Croydon Airport buildings added

1928 Davis Picture Theatre opened on High Street with 3,700 seats
1930s Grants Department Store opened (14-18 High Street).
Trolleybuses introduced in Croydon
1930 Amy Johnson flew solo to Australia from Croydon Airport
1933 New station for West Croydon
1938 FILM Croydon Airport

Croydon in WWII

1940-1 Croydon bombed during the Blitz
1941 Croydon Municipal offices for Water & Electricity opened
1944-5 Croydon suffered extensive damage to property and life from V1 %& V2 Flying Bombs
45,000 houses damaged in Croydon by 141 flying bombs


Postwar Croydon

1950 Croydon B Power Station by Robert Atkinson opened. Chimneys remain.
1956 Croydon Corporation Act
Led to expansion of Croydon high rise offices.
Eros Cinema (previously Theatre Royal) opened
1959 Croydon Technical College opened (amalgamation of Croydon Poly & College of Art .
Croydon Airport closed.
Trolleybus discontinued in Croydon

High Street widened and Davis Theatre demolished.
1962 Fairfield Halls opened
196* Blues Club at The Star, Broad Green
1968 Central Croydon flyover
1969 Whitgift Centre opened
Greyhound Club opened on Park Lane (opposite Fairfield Halls).
1977 Warehouse Theatre opened
1978 Cartoon, 179-183 London Road (closed in 2006).
1989 North End pedestrianised
1992 New East Croydon station.
1999 Rockin Around Croydon - by Chris Groom published
2000 Tramlink introduced


Victorian Croydon Illustrated - John B Gent (CNH&SS 1979)
Croydon Between the Wars - John B Gent (1986)
Edwardian Croydon Illustrated - John B Gent (CNH&SS 1981) 1990
Croydon A Pictorial History - John B Gent (Phillimore 1991)
Croydon Tramways - John B Gent et al (Middleton Press 1994)
Croydon Trolleybuses - Terry Russell (Middleton Press 1979)
Surrey Street, Croydon - Vivien Lovett (Frosted Earth 1995)
Croydon Old & New - John B Gent (CNH&SS 1996)
Croydon Airport: (Archive Photographs) - MJ Hooks (History Press 1997)
Croydon From Above 1870-1999 - John B Gent (CNH&SS 1999)
Croydon in 1940s & 1950s - John B Gent (CNH&SS 2000)
Croydon’s Transport Through the Ages - John B Gent (CNH&SS 2001)
Book of Addiscombe - John B Gent (Halsgrove 2001
A Century of Croydon - John B Gent (Sutton 2000)
Croydon Past - John B Gent (Phillimore 2002)
Croydon Airport: The Peaceful Years - MJ Hooks (History Press 2002)
Croydon Tramways - Robert J Harley (Capital 2004)
Croydon Cinemas - Allen Ayles (History Press 2006)


Croydon Walks

Industrial Archaelogy
Croydon Council
Criminal Croydon

Dulwich Design
(c) South London Guide 2012