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The name Norwood is derived from the (Great) North Wood which once covered North Surrey and stretched from Croydon to Camberwell.


Mediaeval Norwood

Upper Norwood passed to Whitehorse family in reign of Edward III.


Tudor Norwood

In Tudor times timber for Golden Hinde, being built in Deptford, came from Norwood.


Stuart Norwood

1652 The diarist, John Evelyn, was robbed in Norwoood.
1662 John Aubrey described Norwood as 'a great wood... belonging to the See of Canterbury'.
1665 Became a refuge from the Plague.


Georgian Norwood

1747 Rocque's map showed Great North Wood being reduced by commons.
1797 Beginning of enclosure of Norwood area.
1806 Lambeth Enclosures Act
c1810 Norwood High Street laid out

Regency Norwood

1820s
Large houses built on Crown Lane.
1825 St Luke's (F Bedford), West Norwood opened.
1831 Beulah Spa opened.


Early Victorian Norwood

1837 South Metropolitan Cemetery was consecrated.
(later West Norwood Cemetery)



1854 Crystal Palace moved from Hyde Park to Sydenham Hill.
1854 Crystal Palace and West End Railway line opened. Much house building.

Late Victorian Norwood


1861 Jews' Hospital and Orphan Asylum opened on Wellington Road . Buildings included a hospital, an orphanage, a small synagogue and a school (closed 1961).



1863
St Saviour's Almhouses opened in Hamilton Road.
1870 View of West Norwood pre-development




Mid Victorian Norwood            
1881 West Norwood Fire station opened
Photo of St Lukes


1888 Lower Norwood became known as West Norwood
Free Public Library (by Sidney Smith of Tate Modern fame) established by Sir Henry Tate


Edwardian West Norwood

1905 Tinted postcard of Knight Hill


1911 Norwood Park opened.
1911 West Norwood Picture Palace opened on Knight’s Hill 


Pre-War West Norwood 

1930 Regal Cinema 304 Norwood Road opened, with a seating capacity of 2,100. 


Norwood in WW2 

1936
Crystal Palace burnt down.
1944 Church on Chatworth Way bombed


Post War West Norwood

1953 Holderness Estate, Knights Hill by Howes and Jackman


1955 Royal Cinema closed in and partly demolished, Replaced by Roseberrys. 
1964 Regal Cinema in Norwood Road closed
Free Public Library closed
1967 South London Theatre formed in old West Norwood Fire station premises.
1969 New Norwood Library (by Ted Hollanby) opened



2004 Old Free Public Library restored.


Booklist

The Phoenix Suburb - *

 


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