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A Timeline History of Margate
Here is a one page snapshot Guide to Eastbourne home of the Towner Art Gallery. It highlights the best of Eastbourne for visitors to this beautiful resort set by the Sussex Downs National Park.
|A Timeline History of Margate||
The name Margate may have meant a pool in the cliffside. It developed from a small fishing village.
Roman Villa discovered in Tivoli Park Avenue in 1920
1050 St John’s Church built (at end of High Street)
1666 Dutch & English fleets fought for four days off North Foreland
Margate still a small fishing village (Edward Hasted called it a “poor fishing town”)
1709 Drapers Hospital founded.
1753 Modification of the bathing machine introduced by Benjamin Beale a local Quaker who was influenced by Dr Richard “Sea-Water” Russells’s Disertation of 1752. Beale invented a canvas hood.
1769 Cecil Square built (first Georgian square in a seaside resort)
1786 JMW Turner attended school in Margate.
1787 Theatre Royal opened opened in Addington Square
1796 Royal Sea Bathing Hospital, founded by Dr Lettsom, opened
1798 Margate Caves rediscovered
1806 Road built between Margate and Westgate (now Marine Terrace)
1808 Jarvis Landing Place destroyed in a storm
1812 Droit House built for Margate Pier and Harbour Co
1815 Margate harbour built by John Rennie. Known as the Harbour Arm
Steamers now used Margate
1821 Town Hall rebuilt in Market Place.
1829 Holy Trinity Church (in Gothic style) opened in Trinity Square
Turner travelled by steamship to Margate to stay at the boarding-house of Mrs Sophie Booth
After being widowed she later became his companion until his death
1835 Shell Grotto discovered
Early Victorian Margate
1841 Six companies operated steamships to Margate
1845 Congregational Church opened in Union Crescent
1846 Margate Sands railway station opened
1850 The steam-ship Royal Adelaide sank near Margate with loss of 250 people
1855 Margate Jetty (pier) built by Eugenius Birch.
1857 Charter granted for Margate to become a borough.
Margate surfboat (lifeboat) “Friend To All Nations” established.
Mid Victorian Margate
1863 London Chatham and Dover Railway linked to Margate West (current station).
1877 Margate Jetty damaged in storm.
Late Victorian Margate
1880 New Marine Drive opened
First amusement park opened.
1887 Clock tower built to celebrate Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee
Switchback Railway opened (destroyed in 1897 storm)
1895 Margate FC founded
1897 Thanet Golf Club opened.
Storm claimed lives of nine Margate lifeboatmen
1899 Bronze statue of lifeboatman erected to commemorate 1897 disaster
1908 Winter Gardens opened in Cliftonville.
1915 Cinema de Luxe by Peter Dulvey Stonham opened on 140 High Street with 422 seats. In 1930 became Plaza Cinema.
1920 Dreamland opened. Influenced by a Coney Island theme park in the US.
Margate surfboat “Friend To All Nations” motorised
TS Eliot wrote part of The Wasteland whilst on convalescence in Cliftonville
1923 Variety Cinema opened in Dreamland
1927 Cliftonville Swimming Pool (Margate Lido ) opened.
1930s Development of the Palm Bay estate in East Cliftonville
Second World War
1940 London to Margate steamers helped evacuate allied troops from Dunkirk.
Photo below shows Belgian troops at Margate station
1940 Astoria suffered bomb damage and was later demolished. Now a petrol station on the site.
1941 Regal suffered bomb damage and closed.
Book of Margate - David Scurrell (Barracuda 1982)
Maritime Margate - Ed Robert B Mathkin (Thanet District Council 1982)
Old Margate - Michael David Mirams (Meresborough Books 1984)
Margate 1736-1986: A Resort History - F Stafford et al (1986)
Margate in Old Picture Postcards - Alan Kay (1987)
History of Royal Sea Bathing Hospital (1791-1991) - FG St Clair (Meresborough Books 1991)
Margate: Then & Now - Alan Kay & Ian Kay (NPI 1998)
Margate‘s Seaside Heriage (English Heritage 2007)
Margate (Britain in Old Photographs) (History Press 2009)
Dreamlands Remembered: 90th Anniversary (History Press 2009)
Margate Snapshot Guide
South London Guide
|(c) South London Guide 2012|